SSD - age categories - no mechanical application
Rodriguez v. Astrue – ED Pa. – January 27, 2014
Held: A plaintiff who is six months and one day from an older age category presents a borderline age situation that requires remand for consideration by the magistrate judge. The ALJ must make an individualized determination as to whether plaintiff is more appropriately a “younger person” or a “person closely approaching advanced age.”
When describing how the age ranges will be applied, the regulations state:
We will not apply the age categories mechanically in a borderline situation. If you are within a few days to a few months of reaching an older age category, and using the older age category would result in a determination or decision that you are disabled, we will consider whether to use the older age category after evaluating the overall factors of your case. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1563(b), 416.963(b) (emphasis added).
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has held that the district court should remand if (1) the ALJ mechanically applied an age category in a borderline case and (2) the borderline age analysis could change the ALJ’s determination of disability. Kane v. Heckler, 776 F.2d 1130, 1133–34 (3d Cir. 1985). An ALJ must make an individualized determination in a “borderline situation” because the “assumption [that individuals in certain age ranges have certain capabilities] becomes unreliable and a more individualized determination is necessary.” Id. at 1133.
At the time of the ALJ’s decision, plaintiff was sixth months and one day from her fiftieth birthday. Had the ALJ considered plaintiff to be “closely approaching advanced age” instead of a “younger person,” plaintiff would have been found disabled. R&R at 7–8. Thus, the question is whether six months and one day presents a borderline age case. If so, the case must be remanded to the ALJ for an individualized determination about what age range applies to plaintiff upon consideration of the overall factors in her case.
There is no test to determine when an applicant is “a few days or a few months” from an older age category. The Third Circuit held that a claimant who was fifty-four days from his fiftieth birthday presented a borderline age case. Kane, 776 F.2d at 1133. “Nine months appears to represent the outer perimeter of what constitutes a borderline case in the District Courts of the Third Circuit.” Ludvico v. Astrue, No. 08-322, 2008 WL 5134938, at *11 (W.D. Pa. Dec. 5, 2008). District courts in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania have found that claimants who are six months and three days from a higher age range present a borderline age case. Anderson v. Astrue, No. 12-4114 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 3, 2013) (order approving and adopting the report and recommendation of Magistrate Judge Timothy R. Rice) (finding a borderline age case when claimant was six months and three days from turning fifty); Copeland v. Astrue, No. 10-1482 (E.D. Pa. Nov. 22, 2010) (order approving and adopting the report and recommendation of Magistrate Judge Linda K. Caracappa) (finding a borderline age case when claimant was six months and three days from turning fifty-five); see also Williams v. Bowen, No. 86-3763, 1987 WL 9148, at *2 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 6, 1987) (finding that seven months was borderline).
This Court concludes that a plaintiff who is six months and one day from an older age category presents a borderline age situation that requires remand for consideration by the magistrate judge. On remand, the ALJ must make an individualized determination as to whether plaintiff is more appropriately a “younger person” or a “person closely approaching advanced age.”