employment - state min. wage act - domestic workers
Bayada Nurses, Inc. v. Dept. of Labor & Industry - Commonwealth Court - September 4, 2008
Home health aides held entitled to state minimum wage and overtime protections under state Minimum Wage Act (MWA), 43 P.S. 333.105(a)(2), (4), and regulations, 34 Pa. Code 231.1(b), which mandated coverage where the work was done as an employee of a third party, such as petitioner, and not the householder her/himself.
These state laws provide coverage where federal law does not, 29 CFR 552.3, 552.109(a). The law is clear, however, that the FLSA does not pre-empt state regulations of wages and overtime if the state's standards are more beneficial to workers, FLSA sec. 218(a).
The dissent felt that the case was not ripe, because DLI had not taken action against the employer, which had failed to exhaust administrative remedies.