admin. law - appeal - final adjudication
NHS Human Services v. DPW - December 8, 2009 - Commonwealth Court
In holding a warning was not a final adjudiction under the Administrative Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. §§ 501-508, 701-704, the Court said that an "An adjudication is defined as 'Any final order, decree, decision, determination or ruling by an agency affecting personal or property rights, privileges, immunities, duties, liabilities, or obligations of any or all of the parties to the proceeding in which the adjudication is made.' 2 Pa. C.S. §101.
A letter or an email message can constitute an adjudication, requiring notice and a hearing, if a two-prong test is met: 1) the letter must be an agency’s final order, decree, decision, determination or ruling; and 2) it must impact on a party’s personal or property rights, privileges, immunities, duties, liabilities or obligations. Guthrie v. Borough of Wilkinsburg, 505 Pa. 249, 478 A.2d 1279 (1984), Benson Lincoln Mercury, Inc. v. DOT, 602 A.2d 496 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1992), and Fiore v. DER, 510 A.2d 880 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1986).